Location: The temple is located on the hill of the Acropolis, specifically in the northern part.

The construction of the temple dates between 421 and 406 BC. Without being confirmed, it is claimed that the temple was erected in honour of Erectheus, a mythical hero and king of Athens.

Originally, the eastern part of the temple was dedicated to Athena, while the western part was a place of worship for Poseidon and Erectheus, a symbol of respect to the two gods for the gifts they offered to the inhabitants of the city during their confrontation with each other.

During the raid of the Roman general Sulla in the 1st century, a devastating fire was caused in Erechthion. After its reconstruction and during the Byzantine period it was converted into a church dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Finally, the temple has also served as a palace and the residence of a Turkish governor during the Ottoman period.

Today, the Erechtheion is an integral part of the Acropolis and of ancient Greek history.